PERFECT Cut-Outs Workflow: PHOTOSHOP #93

PERFECT Cut-Outs Workflow: PHOTOSHOP #93

Hi folks.

Glyn here, back with another video for you.

This is episode 93, and this time I want togo through something that's going to be new to some of you, but a bit of a reminder forthose of you who've been subscribed to this channel for a while.

It's a workflow that I have for getting thevery best results when using the quick selection tool for making selections and cut outs.

All right, so I'll try and keep this niceand brief, we'll take it through in logical steps.

Before we start, just so that you know, thisactually a picture here of my buddy Dave Clayton, from the Movie "Up" inspired photo shoot thatwe had just a few short weeks ago.

To give you an idea of the out of camera shot,there's Dave playing the part of Carl from the movie.

After I reckon about an hour or so, is worthof retouching Photoshop, I managed to get into this point here.

Now what we need to do is cut him out of theoriginal background, and we'll actually go through the process to drop him into the backgroundthat you can see here.

We'll take it nice and steady.

I'll try and explain things as we go through,why I do that particular way.

We're going to use the quick selection tool,should have no problems doing this whatsoever, but we're actually going to do it to make2 selections, rather than just doing this whole cut out here as one.

I'll explain why that is as we go throughit.

Let's just get the quick selection tool thenpress W on the keyboard.

Very easily here we can just click and dragover the body of Dave, and we can see that the marching ants there, very easily pickingup where Dave's outline is.

We're getting a really simple selection there.

Let's just click and drag it down his walkingstick, so it includes that as well.

You can see Photoshop has no problem.

There's a few areas that we need to just tidyup.

This area here is the background we can seebetween the gap, between his arm and his body.

Let's just take that off.

Reduce the size of the cursor there, the marker,hold down the Alt or Option key, it's got a minus, click into that area, and then thatwill help us to remove that from the selection.

We don't want to have that bit there, likeso.

When I've got a marching ant selection goingaround, what actually, just look at the head.

What I'm not going to do, is include the head.

Let's just go straight across there.

We're going to do the head as a separate selection,so just go across it, something like that is fine.

When I've got the marching ants, what I nowdo, is just press Q on the keyboard to go into quick mask mode.

This is a very visual way of me seeing howgood my selection is.

Anywhere that's now covered with this redoverlay, is what I've actually selected.

I'll now zoom in, and I'll hold down the spacebar, click and drag around the outline to see if there's anything that I haven't included,or maybe that I do need to include.

Straight away, I can see here on the walkingstick, got a little bit too far over, got a bit of the background.

All I need to do now is just get a simpleround brush, and I'm going to paint with a white foreground color.

What I'm going to do is just paint and you'llnotice, I can actually remove that away from there, so that's no longer a part of the selection.

Hold down the space bar, click and drag around,that looks fine, that looks good there.

There's a bit on the shoes we''ve actually missedit, so it's a portion of the shoe, and the actual shoe lace.

Now, again, with this brush, I'm going topaint with a black color, and what I'm going to do, is just paint over the areas that I'vemissed.

You can see now that has been covered withthat red over lay, which means it's going to be included in our selection.

Let's just get that just there, we've gotall the lace in, now it's looking good.

Zoom out just a touch, come round here andthere's a little bit of the background we've got just showing through between the handand the actual body.

Again, I'll just get this brush, I'll paintin white, to remove it, so I'll just come into there like so, and then paint in blackjust to bring back the areas that we want, like that.

That's one there, and we've got this littlebit here, paint in white to remove it.

We'll just paint over just to include thatjust there.

All right, so that's looking pretty good.

That's a nice good selection there of thebody, so press Q to come out of the quick mask mode.

We've got our selection marching ants goingaround his body, that's taken a bit of work, so now let's make our selection nice and safe,by going to the select menu at the top of the screen, coming down to "Save" selection.

We'll just call it something simple like body,and then click "Okay".

Now that's nice and saved, and safe there.

We can go select and deselect.

The next thing we're going to do, is actuallymake a selection of the head, and the hair.

All right, we are going to continue usingthe quick selection tool to do that.

Let's just zoom in a little bit now, we'reusing the quick selection tool.

Let's just click and drag around the head.

Go right to the edges, so it get the ears,the top of the hair like so.

There's one little thing to make a note ofhere.

This will really help with me making theseselections using the quick selection tool, is that you'll notice that when you're selectinghair, you'll probably find these bits of gaps in between the hair where you can see thebackground coming through.

As you come over this kind of area here, youcan probably just about see it, where you see where they got the gaps in the hair? That's where you can see the background.

You don't want to include that in your initialselection so, just hold down your Alt or Options, get the minus, and just drag the selectionback away from those parts, because we can use something else, very soon to pick thoseup, and make it look a bit more realistic.

That's looking good, check around the restof the head.

Make sure there is nothing else we don't wantto include, that's fine.

When we've got our selection like that, clickon the "Refine edge" button in the top of the options there to bring us into this part.

This is where you can first of all choosehow you want to view your image, as you're working on the selection.

I think for this one at the moment I'll stickwith "On white", and then once we've got that we can click on "Smart radius".

We can bring up the radius slider, just alittle bit at a time.

This is the thing about when we using thisarea here, as like most things in Photoshop.

Just do a little bit test and assess it, seehow it goes, move it a little bit more, see how that goes.

Rather than putting those settings up toohigh, straight away, and it looking really bad.

Just bring it up nice and steady.

Let Photoshop do it's processing and see howthat's looking so far.

Just zoom this a little bit more,maybe I can bring this radius slider just a touch.

If I go too far with it, lets just drag itall the way up here you'll start to notice the picture starts to go real a little bitfunky.

We can see all this weird stuff starting tocome in here, that's a bit too far, so let's just bring it back somewhere around aboutthere, maybe back just a touch more, something like that.

Oops, that will do.

Now that we've got that, we can then use thisrefine radius tool, which is actually on by default, so, when you bring your cursorover into your image area, you'll notice you'll get this little circle here with a plus symbolinside of it.

You can use your left and right bracket keysto make it bigger or smaller, but now what you want to do is just drag this around theoutside top parts of the hair here to see if Photoshop can actually pick up any of thosefine hairs that we didn't get in the initial selection, like so.

Drag around like that, and then let go andlet's just see how that goes.

Now, it's difficult to see it, with the greyhair on the white background.

Now we can actually dive in and look in it,on these other different views.

Let's just go to the black and white view,and you can see that's not doing a bad job, because all these little fine hairs goingaround the top part specially, it's doing a great job of picking it up.

There is this like a little grey area herethat's going to affect this selection and how it looks in the final result here.

What we can do now is maybe adjust the contrastslider, let's just bring that up just a touch, so we can actually get rid of that there.

You'll notice if you bring that up too far,you'll start to get rid of some of the very, very fine hairs, but just by bringing up thatcontrast slider over to a right a touch, you will reduce any kind of grey smudgy kind ofareas that you're making with your selection, something like that, it's looking good.

Sometimes I do add just a tiny amount of featherjust to soften the selection of, say maybe.

5, something like that will be fine.

Let's go back to the view on white.

That's looking good, pretty much finishedin there now.

At very bottom of this dialogue box, it says,"Output to".

This is how you can choose how you wantto send this now, back into the main Photoshop work area.

I'm going to actually leave it set to selection.

I'll click "okay", it jumps back into themain image and we can see the marching ants is going around the head.

Again, because we've been doing quite a bitof work there, let's make sure we keep it nice and safe.

We go to "Select", "Save selection", and thisone we'll call "Head" and then click "Okay".

Let's just double click on the hand tool inthe toolbar here to bring our image to full view like so.

Select and deselect or just command or controlD to get rid of those marching ants.

The hard work has pretty much been done there,all we need to do is combine the "Body" selection we made and the "Head" selection to make onecomplete selection that we can then cut out Dave from the background and throw him overinto that new scene.

Those areas that we selected and saved, ifyou go to the channel's tab over the right hand side, you'll see them underneath theregular channels that you'd expect to see.

You've got your RGB, which is what you'reseeing on screen now.

It's a combination of the red, green and bluechannels.

All that information to give us the finalimage, and as you can see, as you click on those, this is what the red, green and bluechannels give us.

At the very bottom are those 2 that we saved.

First of all, the one that we called "Body",the areas are white, is what we selected.

Then if we click on the other one, we cansee the head.

What we would actually want to do now, iscombine these 2 to give us one complete selection, but to make sure that we don't make any errorsand ruin all that hard work that we've done, I'm just going to click on the "Body" oneyou can see at the moment.

Click on the "Thumbnail" and drag it to thevery, very bottom and put it over the new channel icon and then let go.

You'll see that it'll create a copy of it.

If I double click on the name there, we'lljust call that "Cut out".

We know we still got, just in case anythinggoes wrong, we've got the body, we've got the head.

Now we've got one here that's going to bea combination of the 2.

Now the moment that cut out only containsthe body.

If you want to actually add the head to it,all I'm going to do is hold down my command or control key and then just click once onthe "Thumbnail" of the head channel.

If I just hold on the command or control key,click, you'll notice now it loads the selection.

You can see it in the main work area here.

We've got the marching ants going around inthe shape of the head.

All I need to do now is fill that area withwhite.

We go to "Edit", "Fill" and from the dropdown menu here, where it says, "Contents", we can choose white, then click "Okay" andthere we have a complete selection.

We got a combination of both the head andthe body to make one complete cut out.

Let's just go, select and deselect.

There is the combined cut out.

What we'll do now is click on the RGB thumbnailat the top to go back to our full color view.

We'll go back to the layers, and now we canactually use that to cut Dave off this background and put him into that great background that'sbeen drawn by Aaron.

Now this bit's really simple, all we needto do is go to the select menu at the top of the screen.

Choose "Load selection" and the dialogue box,it appears here, we've got a channel drop down menu.

If we just click on that to open it up, we'llsee here at the 3 channels that we actually created.

The body one, the head, and the combined onethat we called "Cut out".

Let's just click on the one called "Cut out",then click "Okay" and you'll notice you get the marching ants selection around the entirebody and head of Dave.

We then just need to click on the layer maskicon at the bottom of the layer's panel.

Now that we have that marching ants, clickon that and you'll see we kind of virtually cut him off the back ground.

We've actually just used the layer mask here.

We've got the white areas which is showingDave, the black areas here of the layer's mask are hiding the background.

We've actually cut him out non-destructively,which is definitely the way that you want to try and do this just in case you need togo in and make any corrections at some point.

Now that we've cut him out, we get the movetool, click on Dave within the work area, drag him up and onto the tab that containsthe background you want to drop him into.

Keep it held down, drag your cursor into theactual picture here, the background and then let go and you'll see that he drops nicelyinto that scene.

All we need to do now, is re-position himand there's maybe one extra little thing I can show you which will then really make theselections and cut outs absolutely perfect.

All right, so I've jumped forward just a fewseconds to re-position Dave, and now I want to show you that one extra little thing.

If I zoom in, just here, can you see how there'sa little bit of a halo going around the walking stick, and also around the bottom of his trousersand on to his shoes down here.

You can see on this area here.

Now, that is actually part of the originalbackground when we did the cut out.

Now, what you could possibly do here, andthis is what I used to do, is just click on the layer mask, get a black brush and justgo all the way around trying to get rid of it.

That's a real difficult way of doing things,you've got to be very, very good with the brush not to keep painting away too much.

Here's a really quick way of getting rid ofit.

All we need to do is click on the layer maskitself.

I'm going to hold down my Alt or Option key,click on the thumbnail of the layer mask to go in into the layer mask view.

Let's just zoom out just a touch.

Now the haloing is only appearing really onthe walking stick and parts of the body.

What I'm now going to do, is get my lassotool and make a very rough outline of the body part and the walking stick.

Basically, what I'm now doing is telling Photoshopto ignore everything else except what's going to be within this area that I'm drawing anoutline around, something like that.

You can see I'm not bothering with includingthe head and the hair.

We took quite a bit of our time to get thatto look good, there's no haloing on that.

It's just on the body and the walking stick.

Now that we've got the outline on it, we'regoing to go to the filter menu.

Choose blur and gaussian blur.

In the dialogue box here, just a one pixelradius of blur is all we need to add and just click "Okay".

That's a really important step there, becausethe next thing we'll do, if you haven't added any blur into it, it will look really obviousand the selection and cut out would look razor sharp and just not realistic at all.

Now that we've done the blur, keep the selectionactive, hold down your Alt or Option key and click on the layer mask thumbnail in the layerspanel.

Just to go back to the color view like so.

The actual layer mask is still active, wecan see the frame going around it.

Let's just zoom in, as we can see those halosnice and clear.

Then we're going to go to "Image adjustmentsand levels".

We're not going to use a "Levels adjustment"layer from the right hand side over here.

We're going to go to the image menu, choose"Adjustments and levels".

Then all we're going to do is grab the blackpoint here, the shadows.

We're going to click on it and drag it intowards the right hand side.

As I do that, keep an eye on the halo or theoutline going around the walking stick and on the shoes in the bottom of his trousers.

The more I drag it in, you'll start to noticethat the halo starts to disappear.

We bring it in just a little bit more to aroundabout there.

Now, look, I'll zoom in just a little bitmore, and you can see how it's completely gone from the back of his trousers, his shoesand on the walking stick.

Let's just bring that black point back again.

This was before, and here now is you dragit across, you don't have to go all the way across, just again a little bit of time.

Take it as far as is needed, you don't needto go excessive.

Just around about there is absolutely fineand you can see that it's gone.

All we've literally done there on the layermask, we've moved the black point over to add more black into the layer mask.

What that's basically doing is, it's crushingdown on the selection of Dave's body and as it's doing that, it's compressing it, andcompressing it, and compressing it.

It's eventually that black is covering overthe halo that you had going around the walking stick and the body.

Click "Okay".

Let's just double click on the hand in thetoolbar to go back to full view, select and deselect.

There you go, that's just a very, very quickwork flow to show you how I think I get the best results when using the quick selectiontool.

Hope it's useful to you.

The picture here, keep an eye out becauseI'll have that finished hopefully later on today.

There's a few extra little things I need todo, now that we've dropped him in into the scene.

Keep an eye on it, but hope you liked it.

If you have not subscribed to the channel,make sure you do it, spread the love and I'll see you next time.

Source: Youtube